Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive mental disorder that is caused by mental degeneration which is most likely to start around middle and old age. This is the first sign of senility in a person.
There are causes and risk factors in this disease. It is a degenerative disease that results in loss of neurons in the brain but does not let new, fresh ones to build. The parent or main type of neurodegenerative disease is Dementia. Keeping this in mind, Alzheimer’s is a sub-type of Dementia. Memory and thinking cells start dying and new ones are not produced. The tissue has fewer and fewer nerve cells and connections.
Causes of Dementia
Dementia is the term applied to a group of symptoms that negatively impact memory, but Alzheimer’s is a progressive disease of the brain that slowly causes impairment in memory and cognitive function. The exact cause is unknown and no cure is available.
Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible, progressive brain disorder that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills and, eventually, the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. In people with the late-onset of the disease, symptoms first appear in their mid-60s.
A standard medical workup for Alzheimer’s disease often includes structural imaging with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT). These tests are primarily used to rule out other conditions that may cause symptoms similar to Alzheimer’s but require different treatment.
A number of precautionary measures can be taken to prevent Alzheimer’s or to prevent it from progressing. These are listed below:
- Don’t smoke
- Stay at a healthy weight
- Get plenty of exercise
- Eat healthy food
- Manage health problems including diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol
- Stay mentally alert by learning new hobbies, reading, or solving crossword puzzles
- Stay involved socially
In the case of most progressive dementias, including Alzheimer’s disease, there is no cure and no treatment that slows or stops its progression. However, there are drug treatments that may temporarily improve symptoms.
Whether you suffer from Alzheimer’s disease or you simply have memory problems, certain vitamins and fatty acids have been said to slow or prevent memory loss. The long list of potential solutions includes vitamins like vitamin B-12, herbal supplements such as Ginkgo Biloba, and omega-3 fatty acids.
The two most commonly prescribed medicines for dementia are cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine (Namenda). Doctors use them mainly to treat common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, which is the most common form of dementia. They prescribe them for other kinds of dementia as well.
The qualified staff and nurses at Holistic Healthcare (Pvt.) Limited are capable to provide dementia care services to patients at their homes. Call 03000 341 678 to know more about our services. Our staff will come to your home to take care of your loved one.